Wednesday, April 26, 2017

An Edifice erected to Allah in Mecca - Quran Chapter 2- 142 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-167) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 142 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-167) - درس قرآن

An Edifice erected to Allah in Mecca

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

Praise be to Allah, Who is Sufficient for us. And, glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon His last Messenger Muhammad and chosen servants. 

Fa-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(So, I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

 سَيَقُولُ ٱلسُّفَهَآءُ مِنَٱلنَّاسِ مَا وَلَّىٰهُمْ عَن قِبْلَتِهِمُ ٱلَّتِى كَانُوا۟ عَلَيْهَا قُل لِّلَّهِ ٱلْمَشْرِقُ وَٱلْمَغْرِبُ يَهْدِى مَن يَشَآءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَٰطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (142


142.  And the foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblahwhich they formerly observed? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
142.  SA-YAQUULUS-SUFA-HAAA-‘U  minan-naasi maa wallaahum ‘an- Qiblati-himul-latii kaanuu ‘alayhaa. Qul-Lillaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib. Yahdii many-yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa Siraatim- Mustaqiim.

Assalaam o Alaikum wa RahmatUllaahi wa BarakaatuHuu

Commentary

 ‘As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas – (the foolish of the people) Sufa-haaa is plural of the word safiah that means childish, low, stupid, foolish. So aim from ‘As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas is; the people who protest and criticize the Commands of God Almighty. Here, the indication is towards the Children of Israel.

Qiblah – The thing which is in front, that is to say, the direction and place turning towards which; the prayers are offered and worship is done, namely Center of Attention, side and direction to turn for worship. The Qiblah of the Children of Israel was the Temple or the City of Jerusalem. Till the time the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) remained in Makkah, He used to turn His face unto Jerusalem. After migration, He continued that Qiblah. But He used to desire over and over to make His Qiblah to the  Ka’-bah (The Square Building at Mecca), which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). But He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was waiting for the Command of God Almighty. At last, He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was commanded to change the Qiblah after migration to Madinah, passing there sixteen or thirteen months.

When the Children of Israel knew about the change of Qiblah, they persecuted in opposition of it. They criticized of various sorts that formerly, they used to offer their prayers turning towards the first Qiblah (the Temple at the City of Jerusalem), which was the Qiblah of the old times Prophets (peace be upon Them). What happened with them now that they have left that Qiblah, they have made the Ka’-bah as their Qiblah. Some of them used to say that it has been done due to jealousy and enmity of the Children of Israel.

The Holy Qur’an replied their objections, “O Messenger! Tell them that we have not changed the Qiblah due to jealousy or bigotry, but it has been changed with the Command of Allah Almighty.

The East or the West, every direction is of Allah Almighty. Everything of each direction is in His Control and Knowledge. Guidance is with Him also. He bestows with His Guidance and Message to whom He desires.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/xGJ4dPHCXIc

Tuesday, April 25, 2017

A note – 1st Part’s lessons - Quran Chapter 2- Summary (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-166) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- Summary (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-166) - درس قرآن

A note – 1st Part’s lessons

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qur’an; lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that object of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.

It was stated in the introduction of Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) that main topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims; which may grow sound character and behavior into them after this learning. By following their religion and morality, they may get utmost success and victory of this world and the Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which exist in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.

At first, it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The individual, who will accept Its teachings and obey its commandments, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.

Then it was described that three types of people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:

·       Those people, who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions, they will get every kind of success.

·       Those, who will oppose it strictly and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to suffer heavy doom and anguish.

·       Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels (Hypocrites), they will get painful doom.

Then, after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites, their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and has been told that only those individuals criticize the Revelations, who have three types of diseases in their hearts:

•        Weak faith

•        Feeble nature

•        Mean wisdom

After that, it is commanded that the Religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is compulsion of the human being to incline unto the Revelations of God Almighty. Accordingly, when Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph (Vicegerent) and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed some Words on Him, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).

Then light is thrown on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews have been narrated:

•        Doctrinal

•        Practical

•        Administrative

And they have been informed that they had involved in evil deeds and misconduct, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they cannot do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.

Then, it has been explained that the Children of Israel are not able to become gentle public as the Muslims. So the Muslims have been instructed that they should discontinue their relationship with them.

After that, remembrance of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of  Ka’-bah (the House of Allah) (the Temple at Makkah), Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty; Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), His morality, good manners, courtesy and Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).   https://youtu.be/pdEEENAoc7s

Monday, April 24, 2017

You will not be asked of others’ acts - Quran Chapter 2- 141 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-165) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 141 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-165) - درس قرآن

You will not be asked of others’ acts

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 تِلْكَ أُمَّةٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَلَكُم مَّا كَسَبْتُمْ وَلَا تُسْـَٔلُونَ عَمَّا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ (141

141.  Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
141.  Tilka ‘Ummatun-  qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa la-kum-maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maluun.

Commentary

We have already learnt in this verse, which has passed in the previous lessons; and is being repeated here to warn the Children of Israel and the Christians. Their wrong beliefs have been rejected with the proof of common sense in it.  

The People of the Scripture were very much proud of it that they were from the generation of the Prophets (peace be upon Them), who were strongly Accepted Servants of God Almighty. So they would not be punished due to their sins. Also the good acts of their Reverends would be useful for them and they would be forgiven freely and easily. So, they do not feel any particular need to be saved themselves from the sins and to incline unto the goodness.

Due to influence of this wrong belief, they used to consider that their sins and the matters against the religion were correct. And they did not use to distinguish among good and evil in their daily routine works and dealing. They used to think also that they were on the path, upon which, their reverends were standing already, so they have no need to believe in the last Messenger, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). 

Allah Almighty adjudged conclusively that their wrong religious trends were null and void and commanded that He knows well about those people who have passed away. They were steadfast on the foundation of Unity. Neither they were Jews and nor Christians. They were only of Allah Almighty leaving all others.

Their goodness cannot be useful for you or any other individual. Only that goodness is useful for any person or nation which they earned. Good acts of a person can neither save any other and nor harm. So, Having trust in the acts of others is stupidity.

When a nation sits down, by having trust in the inheritance of their Reverends only and by leaving to do good acts, it becomes impossible for that nation to live, to acquire success and betterment. Many nations have been ruined and destroyed due to this misunderstanding. Our Lord! Keep us on the true religious trends and bestow us strength to do good acts.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/U9CizBEQ1K8

Sunday, April 23, 2017

Religion of entire Prophets was Islam - Quran Chapter 2- 140 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-164) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 140 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-164) - درس قرآن

Religion of entire Prophets was Islam

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 أَمْ تَقُولُونَ إِنَّ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ وَإِسْمَٰعِيلَوَإِسْحَٰقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَٱلْأَسْبَاطَ كَانُوا۟ هُودًا أَوْ نَصَٰرَىٰ قُلْ ءَأَنتُمْ أَعْلَمُ أَمِ ٱللَّهُ وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن كَتَمَ شَهَٰدَةً عِندَهُۥ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَٰفِلٍعَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ (140

140.  Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know best, or doth Allah? And who is more unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah? And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.
140.  ‘Am taquuluuna ‘inna ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘Asbaata kaanuu Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa.  Qul ‘a-‘antum ‘a’-lamu ‘aMillaah. Wa man ‘azlamu mimman-katama shahaadatan ‘indahuu minAllaah. Wa mAllaahuu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.   

Commentary

In this verse, the Children of Israel and the Christians have been replied for another misunderstanding and self-invented beliefs. They had thought that their Reverends, the Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob (peace be upon Them) and Their children were either followers of Jewish religion or the Christianity, namely (I seek shelter of Allah Almighty) they had fallen in the sectarian groups also.

God Almighty commands: O the People of the Scripture! You may consider how much you wish by changing the forms of the Truth and distorting the incidents but it is fact that these all Reverend persons and Prophets (peace be upon Them) remained standing themselves on the pure religion of Oneness of God; and as well as they preserved others to remain on it. It is called Islam. Your knowledge is neither more than God Almighty and even nor is equal to Him. Moreover, your knowledge has no comparison to His knowledge. You use to hide the Truth intentionally. You have received Holy Books, which testify that the religion Islam is Rightful. The Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob (peace be upon Them) were perfect Believers and the followers of Unity; that is to say; Islam. It has been written in your Scriptures also that in the end times, a Rightful Messenger (Muhammad - glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will come. Knowingly you are hiding this Real and True revelation, and who will be crueler than him who hides the rightful verse?

We have known from this verse that hiding the Truth and real facts is the greatest sin in the Court of Allah Almighty. We should save ourselves from it.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). 
https://youtu.be/yPZ-tdA1imk

Who is better than God at coloring - Quran Chapter 2- 138 & 139 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-163) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 138 & 139 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-163) - درس قرآن

Who is better than God at coloring

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 صِبْغَةَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ صِبْغَةً وَنَحْنُ لَهُۥ عَٰبِدُونَ (138

قُلْ أَتُحَآجُّونَنَا فِى ٱللَّهِ وَهُوَ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّكُمْ وَلَنَآ أَعْمَٰلُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَٰلُكُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُۥ مُخْلِصُونَ (139

138.  (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring. And we are His worshippers.

139.  Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord? Ours are our works and yours your work. And we look to Him alone.
138.  SibgatAllaah. Wa man ‘ahsanu minAllaahi sibgah. Wa nahnu lahuu ‘aabiduun.

139.  Qul ‘atu-haaajjuu-nanaa fIllaahi wa Huwa Rabbunaa wa Rabbukum. Wa lanaaa ‘a-maa-lunaa wa lakum ‘a-maalukum. Wa nahnu lahuu mukh-lisoon.

Commentary

SibgatAllaah – {(We take our) color from Allah}. It aims “the religion of Allah”. According to usage, one word “Qabilnaa” (we embraced) is not found in the proper place, however, it is meant that we embraced the religion of God Almighty.

The People of the Scripture (the Children of Israel and the Christians) cause their children sit down in the colored water and when an individual embraces the religion of Christianity, they sprinkle over him the colored water. That is called “’Ista-baagh” means ‘Baptism’. As if, the color of Christianity is taken from the water by them. The real color, in fact, grows with Faith and Character.     

Contrary to above, it is commanded that we have taken over the color from God Almighty. The Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) said: Convey the name of Allah Almighty in the ear of every child as soon as he is born. Accordingly, after birth, the Adhan is recited in his right ear and along with it, ‘qad qaama-tis-Salaah’ (twice) i.e. ‘Takbeer’ in the left ear. It is the call for him towards the natural religion. Comparatively, the tradition of causing to sit down in the water is meaningless.

The People of the Scripture are being warned again that their thought and faith is entirely false, base of which is that they say: Blessing and Mercy of God Almighty is only for them. As He is your Lord, He is ours too and which acts we do; those are purely for Him. Neither we pass our lives sinfully like you, considering that the good deeds of your pious people would be sufficient for you also, nor do we have any sense of bias or pride. Then why our Lord Almighty will not accept our good acts? 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). 
https://youtu.be/vYPXbqi7Yss

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

The rightly guided people - Quran Chapter 2- 137 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-162) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 137 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-162) - درس قرآن

The rightly guided people

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 فَإِنْ ءَامَنُوا۟ بِمِثْلِ مَآ ءَامَنتُم بِهِۦ فَقَدِ ٱهْتَدَوا۟ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْا۟ فَإِنَّمَا هُمْ فِى شِقَاقٍ فَسَيَكْفِيكَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلْعَلِيمُ (137

137.  And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism, so Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them.   And He is the Hearer, the Knower.
137.  Fa-‘in  ‘aamanuu  bi-misli maaa ‘aamantum- bihii faqa-dihta-daw. Wa ‘in- tawallaw fa-‘innamaa hum fii shiqaaq. Fa-sa-yak-fiika-humUllaah.  Wa Huwas-Samii-ul-‘Aliim.

Commentary

Holy Qur’an invites the People of the Scripture to embrace Islam after proving its Truth and being the Word of Allah Almighty, and it refutes their false beliefs. Wrong hopes and desires were determined absurd, and it proves from their own arguments that due to which religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) they claim to be firm, its original form has not remained as it was. Now that ancient religion, in its original form, is being presented by the Holy Qur’an. So somehow or other, after embracing Islam they should acquire betterment of the religion and the world.

After hearing these verses of advice and preaching, even then, the Children of Israel and the Christians remained standing on violence and opposite. Moreover, instead of embracing Islam themselves, they used to invite the Muslims to adopt the Jewish religion and the Christianity. What can be more selfishness, impudence and bigotry than it? 

Allah Almighty commands in this verse, “(O Messenger! (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) You have fulfilled your duty conveying Our Message to them. Now, if they are desirous of their goodness, then they should embrace Islam. They will succeed. We shall forgive their previous sins”. “And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism”, it is their hardheartedness and violence, and not other than it.  “So Allah will suffice Thee (for defence) against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower”. (You (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) should not be sorrowful due to their anger, bigotry and enmity. We shall suffice for their encounter from your side. We surely hear their entire talks and We know that which is in their hearts, their inside and outside.

How great and higher glad-tidings is in the last part of this verse for the Last Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His nation that “So Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them”. With whom is Allah Almighty, what more will he need? If Lord Merciful becomes Protecting Friend of anyone then he does not require any more Supporters.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/ddJHnex2QIk

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

No distinction between any of the Prophets - Quran Chapter 2- 136 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-161) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 136 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-161) - درس قرآن

No distinction between any of the Prophets

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

  قُولُوٓا۟ ءَامَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَىٰٓ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَوَإِسْمَٰعِيلَ وَإِسْحَٰقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَٱلْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَآ أُوتِىَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَمَآ أُوتِىَ ٱلنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُۥمُسْلِمُونَ (136

136.  Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the Prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.       
136.  Quuluuu ‘aamannaa Billaahi wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘ilaynaa  wa maa ‘unzila ‘ilaaa ‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Ismaa-iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘as-baati wa maaa ‘uutiya Muusaa wa ‘Iisaa wa maaa ‘uutiyan-nabiyyuuna mir-Rabbihim. Laa nufarriqu bayna ‘ahadim-minhum, wa nahnu lahuu Muslimuun.

Commentary

‘Al-‘as-baati – (the children) this word is plural of the word sabt, which means children, that is to say, children of the children (grandsons from forefathers and foremothers). Here it aims towards the race of Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him).

The Muslims are being taught in this verse, “Say: O people of the Scripture! You have fallen in the curses of anger, stubbornness, violence, jealousy, malice and bigotry. You follow some Prophets and falsify some of Them (peace be upon Them). You reserve the prophet-hood with the race and nation. You take greatness due to race for source of freedom, and fix as wrong to other entire religions except your own.

We, the Muslims believe that all Prophets (peace be upon Them) are true, do not disagree to anyone of Them. The entire Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them), who have come in this world, whether they belong to any country, nation and any era, they all brought only one Message of the Truth. We testify all of Them (peace be upon Them) equally.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/h0YAlyDOmJo