Quran 2 – 2b (Lesson – 17)
Purpose of Revelation
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
2b. A guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
Hudan – (Guidance), Knowledge of the Path, preparations and provisions for the Journey and ability, strength and power to reach the destination. These all things are included in the meanings of ‘Guidance’. Explanation of this word has passed in the first Chapter “The Opening” (‘Al-Faatihah).
Muttaqiin – This word is Plural of Muttaqii, which has been derived from “Taqwaa”. Muttaqii is the individual who fear God, it aims “the temperate, Abstinent and Sober, who fears God in heart, who lives in abstinence and who performs his duty with care. One incident of Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’b (May Allah be pleased with him) is worth considering for explanation of the word Taqwaa (Piety).
Once, Sayyidina ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) asked from Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (May Allah be pleased with him) about the meanings of Muttaqii (the Pious). He replied, if you pass through a forest which is full of thorns and shrubs, what will you do? He answered, “I shall fold up my clothes, so that the skirt of my garment may not involve with thorns. Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (May Allah be pleased with him) said, “It is Taqwaa”.
Known that the Guidance of Holy Qur-’aan is beneficial for those people who desire to reach their destination keeping themselves safe and sound from every kind of thorns (evils and sins etc.) in the (forest of) life of this world.
Two types of mankind are found. Some of them have indifferent temperament. They are so thoughtless that without meditation, they interrupt in every matter. Some are those who think before starting every work carefully. It is obvious that the people; who live a careful life, they reap advantage of Guidance. These are the people into whom, attribute of piety is found. The Abstinence will reach at the top with the teachings of Holy Qur-’aan and those virtues will be produced in the sobers which have been described ahead.
This Noble Scripture, “The Holy Qur-’aan” has been revealed for the guidance of the entire world. And it has been addressing the entire people of the world, but practically, only those persons can reap advantage from this Word who seek and need to know the Truth. Every work needs some basic elements for beginning, for example; feet are necessary for walking, eyes for looking, likewise; for attaining Guidance from Holy Qur-’aan, fear of God is necessary in the hearts i.e. existence of the substance of care is must. The sun shines upon the entire world. But those people, who have lost their power of seeing, for them, its light is useless. If the earth is salty, the rain will prove nothing on it. It is important for keeping the piety in our hearts that we should settle our accounts at our own regularly. Once, Sayyidina Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Prior to it, that anyone else calls for your account, you must check your account yourself.