Quran Chapter 2- 134 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-159) - درس قرآن
Yours is that which you earn
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
تِلْكَ أُمَّةٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَلَكُم مَّا كَسَبْتُمْ وَلَا تُسْـَٔلُونَ عَمَّا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ (134
134. Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do
134. Tilka ‘ummatun- qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa lakum- maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maloon.
Tilka ‘ummatun – (Those are a people, a religious sect), it indicates towards the Ancestors of the Children of Israel, of whom they used to get names and used to claim as their followers, although this claim of theirs was wrong. These astray and unlucky people had no relation with those great respectable Prophets (peace be upon Them) except their names.
The Children of Israel were much proud that they were from the lineage of Prophets (peace be upon Them). So they had fabricate this false faith themselves that there is no need of personal good acts. Being from the Children of the Prophets (peace be upon Them) is sufficient for freedom from the Hell. They thought that God Almighty transfers the good acts of father towards his children with His blessing. Due to this false faith, they had become careless entirely from doing good acts, and had involved in all kinds of errors, evil doings and disobedience.
Holy Qur’an cut the root of their false belief and commanded about the law of God Almighty that every individual and group will get; what he has earned himself. Neither the good act of someone else reaches the other nor will anyone be answerable for evil-deeds of others. Relationship of the Ancestors will neither be useful without one’s personal effort and nor freedom can be obtained. There is a great lesson for them; who have been fallen into the trap of such misunderstanding: Although, we have not done good acts, even then the good acts of our Ancestors will be useful for us, and our this world and the Hereafter will be arranged. Holy Qur’an explains that you cannot reap advantage from good acts of your Ancestors. You should take care yourself and follow Them. Their lives are roll model of good acts for you. By following them, you will be able to do well.
Out of us, if anybody will be involved in this misunderstanding that greatness of good birth or relation with any pious person may be sufficient for him then he should throw out this thought from his mind. Only one’s personal deeds will be useful before Allah Almighty. The entire human beings will be responsible for their own duties and responsibilities.