Quran Chapter 2- Summary (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-166) - درس قرآن
A note – 1st Part’s lessons
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qur’an; lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that object of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.
It was stated in the introduction of Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) that main topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims; which may grow sound character and behavior into them after this learning. By following their religion and morality, they may get utmost success and victory of this world and the Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which exist in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.
At first, it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The individual, who will accept Its teachings and obey its commandments, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.
Then it was described that three types of people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:
· Those people, who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions, they will get every kind of success.
· Those, who will oppose it strictly and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to suffer heavy doom and anguish.
· Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels (Hypocrites), they will get painful doom.
Then, after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites, their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and has been told that only those individuals criticize the Revelations, who have three types of diseases in their hearts:
• Weak faith
• Feeble nature
• Mean wisdom
After that, it is commanded that the Religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is compulsion of the human being to incline unto the Revelations of God Almighty. Accordingly, when Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph (Vicegerent) and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed some Words on Him, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).
Then light is thrown on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews have been narrated:
And they have been informed that they had involved in evil deeds and misconduct, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they cannot do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.
Then, it has been explained that the Children of Israel are not able to become gentle public as the Muslims. So the Muslims have been instructed that they should discontinue their relationship with them.
After that, remembrance of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of Ka’-bah (the House of Allah) (the
Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty; Muhammad (glory, grace,
blessings and peace be upon Him), His morality, good manners, courtesy and
Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained. Temple