Monday, June 12, 2017

Fast a certain number of days - Quran Chapter 2- 184a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-213) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 184a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-213) - درس قرآن

Fast a certain number of days

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَٰتٍ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُممَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ  (184  a)

184a.  (Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number on other days;
184a.  ‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat.  Faman-  kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa safarin-  fa-‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaamin  ‘ukhar.

Commentary

 ‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat – (a certain number of days), it has been described in this part of the verse that the Muslims would have Fast for a certain number of days, for example; the month of Ramadan during each year, which have sometimes 29 days and sometimes 30 days.

Fixation of this length of time was very necessary for organization of the nation so that nobody may change the numbers of the days for fasting or leaving the Fast according to his will. Moreover, the Fasting is prescribed for the entire Believers that they all should fast on the same particular time and for the same particular duration to perform this blessed duty. One advantage of the month of Ramadan is also that fasts come in different seasons and every individual gets chance of fasting in the summer and the winter.

One aspect comes out of it that number of prescribed fasts is not too much long. Neither it is that one should fast for the entire year and nor for half or one fourth of the year, but only one month is prescribed in a year.

Time and duration was determined. But some concession was given to the people, who cannot fulfill its limitations and conditions. Whenever these people get rid of their compulsions, they can fast, which were left during the month of Ramadan, during any other month.

First of all, those people have been exempted from fasting, who are ill and unable to Fast due to their illness. There are different kinds of illness. Moreover, besides this, the difference of seasons and age also effects. Here, it aims the illness, which creates problem to keep fasting and that illness would be too much severe that the individual cannot keep fasting. Divine’s law of religion didn’t tell the name of illness but it has been left on the sincerity and truthfulness of the Muslims and on the opinion of a skillful doctor.

Besides the patients, the travelers have been given concession also. These both kinds of people i.e. the patient and the traveler will have to complete their number of fasts during any other time in the year. But they should try to complete the left over fasts as soon as possible. Nobody knows that when the life and the time will end.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/Ls0DS1jDDvA